Surprising Statistics About Back Pain and Children

low back pain

When children experience low back pain, it can be both disturbing and worrisome for their caregiver, especially since a child’s spine is still developing and is only able to sustain a limited amount of stress without damage being done.

You might be wondering if you should take them to a low back pain doctor near Farmington, MI. The US Consumer Product Safety Commission discovered from a recent study that 75% of children ages 8 to 12 years complained of back pain. Why were these children having upper, middle or low back pain? They found that it was due to the weight of their school backpacks.

Based on a recent estimate, 96 percent of children carry too much weight on their backs from school supplies. In fact, 5,000 children go to the emergency department for backpack injuries every year. And, more than 14,000 children receive relief care each year for similar problems. Approximately 60 percent of orthopedic doctors stated that they are providing care to schoolchildren for upper, mid and low back pain caused by the weight of their backpacks.

Look at it this way, if the backpack a child is carrying weighs 12 pounds, and the child weighs 60 pounds, the child is carrying a load on their shoulders that is one-fifth of their body weight. As children get older, their book load often increases. A 100-pound middle school student might be carrying a backpack that weighs 30 pounds.

This problem is even more urgent if a child has scoliosis, a stress fracture, or muscle strain. Extra weight of this type, combined with the conditions of lifting, twisting, or running with the heavy backpack could worsen and even delay their recovery. What should parents do for their children to avoid further damage to their fragile, growing spines?

How Can Children Avoid Low Back Pain?

David Marshall, a medical director of sports medicine at Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, explains that the issues related to these heavy backpacks not only cause children to miss school but also affect their attendance to physical education classes, after-school activities, and camps. What does he suggest?

Having a second set of books the child doesn’t need to transport back and forth to school would be greatly helpful. Another recommendation he makes is to bring your child to the doctor to have their core strength, back muscles, and posture evaluated.

One alternative that is growing in popularity among parents, are rolling bags so that children can pull the weight rather than bear it on their backs. They are even starting to be considered cool by school age children. There are a few hazards that these kinds of bags present, though. For example students may need to maneuver up stairways, and the bags are also known for being a tripping hazard in the halls of the schools, classrooms, and while travelling with students.

Tips to Prevent Low Back Pain in Children

Here are a number of tips that Marshal recommends for helping lighten your child’s burden:

  • Using a backpack that includes a chest belt or a padded waist is a great way to distribute the weight more evenly across the entire body.
  • A backpack that has multiple compartments is also a great option when trying to distribute the weight more consistently.
  • Ensure that your child’s backpack has two wide straps with padding for the shoulders and that they always use both straps.
  • Check your child’s pack to be sure they are not carrying excess weight from unnecessary items such as video games, toys, or accumulating finished worksheets.
  • A child’s backpack should never be wider than their body.
  • The weight of the backpack should never exceed 15% of the child’s body weight. Simply confirm this by using a regular bathroom scale and help your child to recognize what a proper weight feels like so they can determine it for themselves later.
  • Metal framed backpacks – similar to the ones that hikers use – are another good way to protect the spine from too much strain. Just make sure these kinds of backpacks are ok on your child’s campus.
  • Incorporating core strengthening exercises for your child such as Pilates and weight training, is another way to help your child avoid injury to their lower back and abdominal muscles.
  • Showing your child proper lifting technique by teaching them to bend their knees and use both hands to lift the pack to their shoulders, can help prevent injury from the multiple lifts they do on a daily basis.
  • When packing the back pack, always place heavier items nearer to the body.

This is a safety inspection checklist to refer to help protect against low back pain in children:

  • No more than 10-15% of body weight
  • Abdominal strap in place
  • Both shoulder straps with padding being used
  • Heavier books placed closest to the back
  • Weight of backpack not below the pant line
  • Well-lined and padded backpack so as not to be poked by pencils or rulers

Preserving Spine Health to Prevent Low Back Pain

One more area that should be focused on is determining how healthy your child’s spine is. The assumption is usually that most children have healthy spines, but that’s not always true. The upper cervical spine is vulnerable to injury from trips and falls, sporting accidents, or vehicle accidents. Combine that with a developing spine and you could have an injury that leads to lifelong problems over time.

Here at Premier Family Wellness and Spinal Care in Farmington, Michigan, we care for many school-age patients, closely examining their neck for possible misalignments they may have in this area. When there is need for a correction, we use a method that is gentle and safe for all ages. We do not need to pop or crack the neck to return the bones to their proper placement. Instead, our technique naturally encourages the bones to move back into place with the slightest pressure.

Maintaining the health of your child’s spine with periodic visits to an upper cervical chiropractor in Farmington can lower the risk of severe injury in the future. Contact us today if your child has concerns with low back pain or other issues related to the back. 

To schedule a consultation with Dr. Perkins, call 248-780-8864 or just click the button below area.

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If you are outside of the local area you can find an Upper Cervical Doctor near you at

Dr. Chris Perkins Chiropractor Farmington Hills Mi.

Meet Dr. Christopher Perkins

Dr. Perkins grew up in Novi, Michigan and attended Palmer College of Chiropractic in Davenport, Iowa. He received his Doctorate Magna Cum Laude with a focus on Upper Cervical Chiropractic care. Chris is well known in the community for his public speaking and holds a number of professional certifications. We are proud to say that Dr. Perkins and Perkins Family Wellness has been recognized by Hour Magazine as one of the Top Chiropractors in Metro Detroit  for 3 years in row.

Learn more about the doc.


"After 30 plus years of almost daily headaches and increasing severe debilitating migraines, I am pain free. I had tried everything, including 3 different chiropractors, medical tests, food allergy tests, special prism glasses, massage, etc. Dr. Perkins was a life changer for sure. Thanks to Dr. Perkins, I now know what it is like to live without pain. For someone with my headache history, this is a miracle"... Kathy Hiatt
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At Premier Family Wellness & Spinal Care in Farmington, MI will not only help you get well, but also stay well.


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